# Simple Solutions

01/15/2002

Getting squared away

Problem: A square is needed to check several right angles on a layout but none is available. Is there a way to construct an accurate square in the field?

Solution: Nail together two straight pieces of 1 x 2 board to form an "L" as shown. Mark off a point 3-ft from the corner on one board. Mark off a point 4-ft from the corner on the other board. Cut another board 5 ft long, line it up with the points marked off and nail it in place. Note: These measurements can be doubled to make a larger square or halved to make a smaller square.

Contributor: Bill Berquist, General Dispatcher, Bethlehem Steel Corp., Chesterton, IN.

Beefing up thin-wall pipe

Problem: Old pipe often rusts in-place at the threads. If the pipe has a thin wall and has to be removed and replaced, is there a way to wrench it out with a minimum of damage?

Solution: Select a socket from a standard socket wrench set whose outside diameter is close to the pipe's inside diameter. Slip it into the pipe, which can then be wrenched out without collapsing or bending.

Contributor: Bob Dafter, Mechanic, Sandmeyer Steel Co., Philadelphia, PA.

Worktable goes up and down

Problem: In a production environment, frequent adjustment of a workbench height becomes necessary. Is there an inexpensive and fast way to do it?

Solution: Weld or fasten the end of a metal rod to the center of the workbench. Attach the other end to an automobile jack. For a permanent installation, secure the jack to the bench frame. The bench can safely rest on the jack, after the height adjustment has been made, by adding benchtop guides.

Contributor: David Glizman, Equipment Reliability Engineer, Sulzer Carbomedics, Inc., Austin, TX.

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### Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

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