IIoT: Defining the terms

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has its own lexicon and as it continues to expand and become commonplace it becomes imperative to understand some of the terms associated with the IIoT.

08/10/2015


The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) will spark a plant floor revolution. Here's how to get ready for it. Courtesy: CFE MediaWith the new technology around the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), there is a new lexicon that goes with it. Here are a few terms and simple definitions that should get you started on the road to understanding and implementing this tech solution.

Internet of Things (IoT): A concept that connects virtually everything on the planet—humans, animals, and machines-to each other through a network of nodes on the thing that transmits data via the Internet. There are plenty of examples of this today. If you deposit a check via your smartphone, that's Internet of Things. If you get an alert warning on your computer tablet that tells you your security system has been triggered at home, that's Internet of Things. The concept has been around for more than 15 years, but it is now gaining momentum due to massive increases in data-storage capacity in the cloud and the proliferation of smart devices (smartphones and tablets). Plus, it now has a name that is beginning to be used more often.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT): Same concept, applied to machine-to-machine communication in the manufacturing space. The current connected system in plants will be able to interact with one another to deliver information about equipment health, supply chain issues, parts availability, and other data. Further, it will allow specific pieces of data to be delivered to specific workers through mobile devices. For example, a plant maintenance worker needs to know when the temperature on a motor is out of range and moving higher. He receives an alert on a mobile device. If work needs to be done on the motor, it can be scheduled via the mobile device when the maintenance worker is at the machine.

The parts manager doesn't need to know the temperature of the motor; his only concern is that a part needs to be ordered. Only that information is transmitted to the parts crib for procurement. The billing department doesn't need to know anything other than a part has been ordered and a check must be cut to pay for it. A historian will store the report on the repair for future reference. All of those functions can happen through one decision by a maintenance worker on one device from a remote location.

Industrie 4.0: A term coined by the German government to provide a framework for the connection of cyber-physical systems that would lead to the "fourth industrial revolution." To recap the first three revolutions:

  • First Industrial Revolution: Mechanization of production through the use of steam and water power
  • Second Industrial Revolution: Mass production through electric power
  • Third Industrial Revolution: Automation through electronics and information technology.

Industrie 4.0 is similar to an effort from a number of American companies, led by GE, which call their concept "industrial Internet."

For all intents and purposes, the stated goals and objectives of IIoT and Industrie 4.0 are the same: an interconnected, interdependent, and integrated manufacturing process that leverages data to deliver greater information, and from that promises greater productivity with less waste.

Smart Factory: The manifestation of IIoT. The Smart Factory includes all that IIoT has to offer, but adds the human analytics of the data produced by the IIoT. The IIoT can tell you if that motor is hot; it cannot repair the motor or shut down the line before the motor fails. The cyber-physical and human systems work together in the Smart Factory.



Top Plant
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2017 Top Plant.
Product of the Year
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
System Integrator of the Year
Each year, a panel of Control Engineering and Plant Engineering editors and industry expert judges select the System Integrator of the Year Award winners in three categories.
February 2018
2017 Product of the Year winners, retrofitting a press, IMTS and Hannover Messe preview, natural refrigerants, testing steam traps
March 2018
SCCR, 2018 Maintenance study, and VFDs in a washdown environment.
Jan/Feb 2018
Welding ergonomics, 2017 Salary Survey, and surge protection
April 2018
ROVs, rigs, and the real time; wellsite valve manifolds; AI on a chip; analytics use for pipelines
February 2018
Focus on power systems, process safety, electrical and power systems, edge computing in the oil & gas industry
December 2017
Product of the Year winners, Pattern recognition, Engineering analytics, Revitalize older pump installations
April 2018
Implementing a DCS, stepper motors, intelligent motion control, remote monitoring of irrigation systems
February 2018
Setting internal automation standards
December 2017
PID controllers, Solar-powered SCADA, Using 80 GHz radar sensors

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

The Maintenance and Reliability Coach's blog
Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
One Voice for Manufacturing
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Maintenance and Reliability Professionals Blog
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Machine Safety
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
Research Analyst Blog
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Marshall on Maintenance
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
Lachance on CMMS
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
Maintenance & Safety
The maintenance journey has been a long, slow trek for most manufacturers and has gone from preventive maintenance to predictive maintenance.
Industrial Analytics
This digital report explains how plant engineers and subject matter experts (SME) need support for time series data and its many challenges.
IIoT: Operations & IT
This digital report will explore several aspects of how IIoT will transform manufacturing in the coming years.
Randy Steele
Maintenance Manager; California Oils Corp.
Matthew J. Woo, PE, RCDD, LEED AP BD+C
Associate, Electrical Engineering; Wood Harbinger
Randy Oliver
Control Systems Engineer; Robert Bosch Corp.
Data Centers: Impacts of Climate and Cooling Technology
This course focuses on climate analysis, appropriateness of cooling system selection, and combining cooling systems.
Safety First: Arc Flash 101
This course will help identify and reveal electrical hazards and identify the solutions to implementing and maintaining a safe work environment.
Critical Power: Hospital Electrical Systems
This course explains how maintaining power and communication systems through emergency power-generation systems is critical.
click me