Collaborative robots’ role in high-mix, low-volume production

The rise of high-mix, low-volume (HMLV) production has become commonplace with more customized items being produced. Collaborative robots can be a key enabler in this process.

By Control Engineering Europe June 27, 2021

While high-volume production, with its repetitive tasks, has seen increased adoption of traditional industrial robots, it is important to think differently in a high-mix production environment, where the programming and reconfiguration effort to change from one product to the next can impact productivity. In high-mix production, there might be several line changeovers needed in a given shift.

For many manufacturers, this has meant an increased reliance on manual labour. But that, in turn, increases operational costs when compared with high-volume production – and the greater the mix, the higher the emphasis on manual labour, and the greater the production cost for a given volume.

High-mix, low volume (HMLV) production requires more stringent quality control processes as the opportunity for production errors increases as the batch sizes reduces. At the same time, the levels of changeovers between different products can often become a bottleneck.

However, the new breed of collaborative robots is responding to the trend of HMLV production, delivering the required flexibility and the ability to reconfigure processes quickly and easily.

How collaborative robots can help

Collaborative robots are designed to assist human operators on the shop floor by taking on simple, repetitive and physically strenuous tasks. This offers improved consistency and reliability in manufacturing whilst enabling humans to concentrate on more complex jobs. A collaborative robot is also flexible and can quickly learn to adapt to a variety of tasks, from pick-and-place to machine tending.

A key benefit of collaborative robots is their ease of programming, enabling frequent redeployment and fast set-up without advanced robotic programming expertise. One recent development which can improve the ease and speed of configuration is hand-guided teaching, where the collaborative robot arm is simply moved to the desired position and added to the operational sequence at the press of a button. This technology means that no complex programming is required and it can also be combined with touch-screen graphical interfaces to implement more sophisticated operations.

A digital twin can be used to enhance the speed of set-up and redeployment. Here, a digital representation of the physical collaborative robot is created, allowing its performance to be evaluated virtually. The digital twin also simulates collaborative robot interaction, ensuring that it can safely and predictably fulfill the desired task before deployment.

This ease of programming and redeployment is one of the main enablers of HMLV production and holds the key to reducing operational costs. At the same time, the increased accuracy of the latest collaborative robots is an important contributor to improving quality in a high-mix environment.

When moving towards HMLV production, manufacturers are finding that they can differentiate themselves from competitors with the offer of products tailored to specific customer requirements, even in the smallest of batches. With the ability to quickly switch production to a different product, manufacturers can be more responsive to changes in the market, delivering an additional competitive advantage.

Collaborative robots are proving to be a key enabler for high-mix automation whilst offering the maximum return on investment. In an HMLV production environment, collaborative robots drive up flexibility and reduce operational costs.

This article originally appeared on Control Engineering Europe’s website. Edited by Chris Vavra, web content manager, Control Engineering, CFE Media,

Original content can be found at Control Engineering.