John M. Rauschenberger, Manager of Personnel Research and Development, Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI
Manufacturing has changed. Jobs require more skill, training, and experience, especially in the use of technology. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 1950, 60% of manufacturing jobs were unskilled; today, only 30% are unskilled; by 2005, the number is expected to shrink to 15%. In addition, retirement-eligible workers are leaving manufacturing jobs in large numbers.