Steel pipe and tubes earn high grade

Every month this column presents a snapshot of the industries that provide key supplies to plant engineers. This issue, we examine a single one in depth: steel pipe and tubes (SIC 3317). This industry gets an A in the "margins grade" column as the typical supplier of pipes and tubes has seen the prices charged for his products rise faster than the cost of manufacturing.


Every month this column presents a snapshot of the industries that provide key supplies to plant engineers. This issue, we examine a single one in depth: steel pipe and tubes (SIC 3317).

This industry gets an A in the "margins grade" column as the typical supplier of pipes and tubes has seen the prices charged for his products rise faster than the cost of manufacturing. In this case, SIC 3317 pushed through an average price hike of 13.2% from 1996 to the present. Over that same seven-year period, the total cost of manufacturing in SIC 3317 fell 1%. As a result, according to our analysis, now the industry is sitting on a $2.70 margin surplus for every $100 of product sold. Seems like a slam dunk for any buyer who wants to cut costs by hammering for a better price, right? Not exactly.

For one thing, overhead spending on nonproduction salaries and benefits as well as business services and consulting contracts grew 24.8%. Furthermore, the prices we examine in our monthly table represent an average for lots of different product lines. (These price data come from surveys conducted monthly by the U.S. Department of Labor). Product lines often behave quite differently from the average.

In August 2003, for example, prices for alloy steel pipe and tubing soared 30.5% from the same month a year ago. Prices for carbon steel mechanical tubing, meanwhile, declined 2.8%, and structural pipe and tubing made of the same material also fell 5.6%.

Nonetheless, the average data can lead to worthwhile price forecasts. In SIC 3317, we see aggregate prices falling 2.3% in 2004 after a 6.3% hike in 2003. Striking a better deal than average will always mean delving deeper into your supplier's or distributor's cost structure.

Price/cost/demand roundup

Average Product Prices1Change, %, During 12-Mo Ending... Direct Mfg. Costs2and Margins Grade Growth in U.S. End Markets3Change, %, During 12-Mo Ending...
Industry SIC May 03 August 03 Costs are... Grade May 03 August 03
NC means data could not be computed.
1 Average product price changes are calculated from the producer price index for each 4-digit SIC (standard industrial classification) industry from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
2 Analyses of each industry's direct manufacturing cost changes are from Thinking Cap Solutions, Inc.'s proprietary Industry Cost Escalation (ICE) model. The "grade" indicates that recent price/cost changes have produced record high (A+) margins to average margins (C) to record low (F-) margins for the average producer in an industry. Grades of A to A+ mean plant engineers may be able to strike a better bargain with suppliers and better control plant costs.
3 Growth in U.S. end markets data are from the ICE model and are estimates of output for the domestic end markets which purchase a given industry's products.
All data prepared and presented by Thinking Cap Solutions, Inc., Port Angeles, WA (telephone: 360-452-6159; e-mail:
General Sawmills and Planing Mills2421-2.26-0.84risingC-1.35-2.02
Hardwood Veneer and Plywood2435-0.91-2.18risingD-0.83-0.85
Softwood Veneer and Plywood2436-6.20-0.55risingB-0.83-0.85
Metal Partitions and Fixtures2542-0.390.11risingF-2.48-2.28
Paints and Allied Products28511.692.09stableB1.020.69
Flat Glass3211-0.550.12stableF9.199.17
Other Structural Clay Products32596.445.57stableA-1.43-0.97
Gypsum Products32756.923.14stableD-2.79-2.64
Mineral Wool32960.620.08stableF-0.240.90
Steel Pipe and Tubes33178.929.16stableA1.090.32
Plumbing Fittings and Brass Goods34320.680.81stableF--1.76-1.38
Metal Doors, Sash and Trim34420.941.07stableC-2.31-2.04
Sheet Metal Work34441.971.67risingD5.385.62
Refrigeration and Heating Equipment35850.380.38stableF-0.840.62
Current-Carrying Wiring Devices36430.340.40stableF-3.083.83
Noncurrent-Carrying Wiring Devices36441.02-0.71stableD3.083.83
Commercial Lighting Fixtures36460.721.34stableD-1.16-1.10
Environmental Controls38220.140.11stableF-1.55-1.34

The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2017 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
Each year, a panel of Control Engineering and Plant Engineering editors and industry expert judges select the System Integrator of the Year Award winners in three categories.
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2017 Top Plant winner, Best practices, Plant Engineering at 70, Top 10 stories of 2017
Product of the Year winners, Pattern recognition, Engineering analytics, Revitalize older pump installations
Control room technology innovation; Practical approaches to corrosion protection; Pipeline regulator revises quality programs
The cloud, mobility, and remote operations; SCADA and contextual mobility; Custom UPS empowering a secure pipeline
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PID controllers, Solar-powered SCADA, Using 80 GHz radar sensors

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

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