Lithium ion replacing lead-acid in 12 V boardnet

IMS Research estimates there could be more than 15 million 12 V lithium-ion batteries produced in 2022.

11/29/2012


IMS Research (acquired by IHS)The lead-acid battery has been a staple component within light vehicles, powering the vehicle electrical system for more than 100 years. However, according to IMS Research’s (recently acquired by IHS Inc.) Opportunities for System and Semiconductor Manufacturers in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles – 2012 Edition, the humble 12 V lead-acid battery looks to be replaced with a lithium-ion solution. In the best case scenario, IMS Research estimates there could be more than 15 million 12 V lithium-ion batteries produced in 2022.

A lithium-ion battery with a similar voltage has obvious advantages, namely space and weight saving. This is why the first types of vehicles to adopt this technology are likely to be motorcycles and high performance cars where space and weight are of most concern. For this technology to become widely available there are some challenges to overcome. 

The price of a 12 V lead-acid battery is very competitive at less than $50 from supplier to original equipment manufacturer (OEM). To enter the volume car segments, the price of a lithium-ion battery needs to come down. “The price per KWh for a lithium-ion battery is around $600 and this will need to reduce significantly if it is to reach parity with a lead-acid battery,” explained Ben Scott, analyst with IMS Research. “An additional amount of silicon is also required which is needed to monitor the cells within a lithium-ion battery.”

There is already a well-established industry for 12 V lead-acid battery recycling, but lithium-ion batteries are not easy to recycle, which could hinder widespread adoption.  With the introduction of a 12 V lithium-ion battery in the market, there is a danger of cross-contamination with the lead-acid battery recycling process. Water is involved in the recycling process, but mixing a lithium-ion battery with water in a recycling plant could potentially be devastating, as lithium mixing with water activates a volatile reaction. The dangers of mixing a lithium-ion battery with water is clear, as was seen recently when 16 Fisker Karma’s partially submerged in seawater by Hurricane Sandy, set fire.

Furthermore, OEMs may be forced to adopt a lead battery alternative in the near future. In Europe, currently lead is banned from being used in light vehicles, with the only exception in the battery. It is thought that in 2015 the European Commission may reconsider its position on the role of lead within the vehicle and ban it all together. Earlier in 2012, the European Commission requested to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to prepare dossiers nominating certain lead compounds, essential for the manufacture of lead acid batteries, as Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) for inclusion on the Candidate List for Authorisation under the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and restriction of Chemicals (REACH). This will cause pressure on OEMs to use a lithium-ion replacement of the 12 V lead-acid battery and presents an excellent opportunity for suppliers.

That said, even if lead does become banned entirely from use in light vehicles, there will be a gradual phase out of this technology. “IMS Research predicts that lead-acid batteries will still be used in light vehicles, ten years from now,” says Scott. Lithium-ion battery technology is already being used for the high voltage traction battery in hybrid and electric vehicles. Now we are seeing lithium-ion batteries being used in low voltage applications. Denso is offering a lithium-ion battery pack for start-stop applications and this will be found in the newest Suzuki Wagon R. Toshiba is the third-party supplier of the battery. This battery pack is used in conjunction with a separate 12 V lead acid battery.



Top Plant
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America.
Product of the Year
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
System Integrator of the Year
Each year, a panel of Control Engineering and Plant Engineering editors and industry expert judges select the System Integrator of the Year Award winners in three categories.
June 2018
2018 Lubrication Guide, Motor and maintenance management, Control system migration
May 2018
Electrical standards, robots and Lean manufacturing, and how an aluminum packaging plant is helping community growth.
April 2018
2017 Product of the Year winners, retrofitting a press, IMTS and Hannover Messe preview, natural refrigerants, testing steam traps
August 2018
SCADA standardization, capital expenditures, data-driven drilling and execution
June 2018
Machine learning, produced water benefits, programming cavity pumps
April 2018
ROVs, rigs, and the real time; wellsite valve manifolds; AI on a chip; analytics use for pipelines
Spring 2018
Burners for heat-treating furnaces, CHP, dryers, gas humidification, and more
August 2018
Choosing an automation controller, Lean manufacturing
February 2018
Setting internal automation standards

Annual Salary Survey

After two years of economic concerns, manufacturing leaders once again have homed in on the single biggest issue facing their operations:

It's the workers—or more specifically, the lack of workers.

The 2017 Plant Engineering Salary Survey looks at not just what plant managers make, but what they think. As they look across their plants today, plant managers say they don’t have the operational depth to take on the new technologies and new challenges of global manufacturing.

Read more: 2017 Salary Survey

The Maintenance and Reliability Coach's blog
Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
One Voice for Manufacturing
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Maintenance and Reliability Professionals Blog
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Machine Safety
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
Research Analyst Blog
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Marshall on Maintenance
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
Lachance on CMMS
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
Material Handling
This digital report explains how everything from conveyors and robots to automatic picking systems and digital orders have evolved to keep pace with the speed of change in the supply chain.
Electrical Safety Update
This digital report explains how plant engineers need to take greater care when it comes to electrical safety incidents on the plant floor.
IIoT: Machines, Equipment, & Asset Management
Articles in this digital report highlight technologies that enable Industrial Internet of Things, IIoT-related products and strategies.
Randy Steele
Maintenance Manager; California Oils Corp.
Matthew J. Woo, PE, RCDD, LEED AP BD+C
Associate, Electrical Engineering; Wood Harbinger
Randy Oliver
Control Systems Engineer; Robert Bosch Corp.
Data Centers: Impacts of Climate and Cooling Technology
This course focuses on climate analysis, appropriateness of cooling system selection, and combining cooling systems.
Safety First: Arc Flash 101
This course will help identify and reveal electrical hazards and identify the solutions to implementing and maintaining a safe work environment.
Critical Power: Hospital Electrical Systems
This course explains how maintaining power and communication systems through emergency power-generation systems is critical.
click me