Integrated control houses

From motor control centers in bustling industrial centers to remote communications equipment on mountaintops, integrated control houses are popping up just about everywhere.

11/18/2003


From motor control centers in bustling industrial centers to remote communications equipment on mountaintops, integrated control houses are popping up just about everywhere. Containing increasingly critical and sensitive electronic equipment, control houses are often integral to our sprawling commercial and public infrastructures, including utilities, communications, defense, research and manufacturing.

Today's control houses


Obtaining all those capabilities in a durable yet practical structure can be a challenge. In some cases, engineers have gone to extremes in designing control buildings from "scratch," insisting on block-and-mortar or pre-cast concrete structures.

Transportability is often a key issue for a number of reasons. Pre-cast concrete structures must be hauled on big-rig flatbeds. Remote locations, such as rural areas and mountaintops - where transmitters, substations and communications systems might be located - can be difficult if not impossible to access due to narrow and unpaved roads.

Special roadway clearance permits may be required, and secondary vehicles may be needed to lead and follow wide loads. Once a pre-cast concrete house has been trucked to a remote location, large cranes are required to unload and position the structure.

Pre-fabricated, or "manufactured" buildings, cousins of the double-wide house and temporary classroom, share many of the same transportability problems as pre-cast concrete buildings. After they are fitted out with the control room equipment, manufactured buildings also have to be trucked to locations, sometimes to areas difficult to access. Once they arrive, they are offloaded and mounted on a slab.

The block-and-mortar or otherwise built-from-scratch control house also presents a number of transportability issues. Building materials have to be trucked to the construction site, which may have limited road access. Once the materials arrive, a staging area must to be provided plus a work area for the construction team. Forklifts and air compressors are often required.

Depending on the building design, a range of construction trades is involved, such as masons, carpenters, metal workers and HVAC contractors. Once construction is complete, a team of technicians will be needed to install electronic equipment and hook up the control house.

On the other hand, today's pre-engineered, modular panel steel control house may offer a more attractive, money-saving alternative. Modular panel buildings are constructed of mix-and-match panels, and are assembled on site. Because they are shipped as a "kit," they are more transportable than pre-cast concrete or traditional pre-fabricated buildings.

When buildings are needed at remote locations, this can make a huge difference in transportation requirements, and even feasibility. In the Kelly Klosure Small-Span building, structure, sheeting, and optional insulation are pre-installed in unique modular panels, as are doors, windows, and ventilation. Because the panels are pre-punched to accept patented locking keys, the contractors were able to quickly attach hinged roof panels to wall panels with one hand.

"It is essential that the control houses we include with our wind turbine towers are containerized," says Mark Ringenberg, Projects Manager at Valmont Wind Energy, Valley, NE. "One of the primary benefits of our wind tower design - and part of our mission statement - is that the entire system is completely containerizable, including the control house that encloses the system controls."

Valmont's breakthrough wind turbine tower for turbines in the 660 kW to 1.5 MW range, incorporates a utility-grade installation system designed to overcome the installation challenges of typical wind tower designs. Featuring a patented self-contained turbine lifting system, the Valmont structure is completely modular and composed of sections of manageable size, which brings with it several advantages, including expanded corrosion protection options and reduced shipping and construction costs.

The entire Valmont structure, including the control house, can be erected without the use of large cranes.

"This modular design also gives us a transportation cost advantage," says Ringenberg. "Wind towers in general have sections 60 to 80 ft. long, with base section diameters that are about 12-14 ft. That presents a shipping dilemma, because they're over-width, over-length and overweight for normal surface transportation. Their size also makes it tough to ship conventional towers overseas, where we intend to market from Nebraska. So, obviously, it is important for us to have the control houses as containerizable as the tower."

Valmont selected Kelly Klosure's "Small Span" modular steel building as a solution to its control house needs. Available in sizes 6-24 ft. wide, with 3-ft. modular panels to fit any length requirements, the Kelly Klosure product gave Valmont the needed ability to containerize, plus the utmost in flexibility and a lifespan of at least 30 years.

The flexibility of modular panel steel control houses enables customers to minimize sizes, and thereby save on energy needed to power heating or air conditioning systems. These structures are also easily expandable, so that facilities that add equipment can enlarge their motor control centers easily, whenever required.

Enlarging an existing building can be done by simply removing an endwall and attaching additional wall and roof panels. Lengthy approval procedures and exorbitant construction costs can also be overcome by the modular steel control house design. Those were among the considerations when Jacobson Helgoth Consultants (JHC), an environmental consulting firm, engineered an ultraviolet (UV) disinfection project for the Wilber, Nebraska wastewater treatment plant.

For security and weather protection, key process control equipment had to be housed within a protective structure. Conventional structures typically took months to complete, including up-front design and engineering, lengthy approval procedures, and labor-intensive construction requiring builders to erect a frame, drape insulation, attach sheeting with self-tapping screws, then frame doors, windows, and ventilation.

At the recommendation of a professional colleague, Fred Scarpello, Project Manager in charge of the project for JHC, turned to Kelly Klosure Systems. "The pre-engineered system saved up-front design and engineering time, and the building's one-day erection time helped speed project completion and saved a significant amount in construction costs," says Scarpello.

Kelly Klosure's Small-Span design, to specified 18 x 8 x 22' dimensions, was pre-engineered to UBC (Uniform Building Code) code for fast approval. It included a personnel door, three windows in one sidewall, fixed louvers in each endwall for ventilation, R-10 insulation, and 3'-wide fiberglass skylights covering about 40 percent of the roof area for maximum daylight exposure.

The building was delivered within four weeks of order and erected in one day by a four-person contract crew. The industry average for erecting traditional structures, in contrast, typically takes up to 10 weeks.

For more information on Small-Span or other modular metal buildings, write to Kelly Klosure Systems at P.O. Box 1058, Fremont, Nebraska 68026-1058; call 800-228-7230; fax 402-727-1363; or visit www.kellyklosure.com .





Top Plant
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America.
Product of the Year
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
System Integrator of the Year
Each year, a panel of Control Engineering and Plant Engineering editors and industry expert judges select the System Integrator of the Year Award winners in three categories.
October 2018
Tools vs. sensors, functional safety, compressor rental, an operational network of maintenance and safety
September 2018
2018 Engineering Leaders under 40, Women in Engineering, Six ways to reduce waste in manufacturing, and Four robot implementation challenges.
July/Aug
GAMS preview, 2018 Mid-Year Report, EAM and Safety
October 2018
2018 Product of the Year; Subsurface data methodologies; Digital twins; Well lifecycle data
August 2018
SCADA standardization, capital expenditures, data-driven drilling and execution
June 2018
Machine learning, produced water benefits, programming cavity pumps
Spring 2018
Burners for heat-treating furnaces, CHP, dryers, gas humidification, and more
October 2018
Complex upgrades for system integrators; Process control safety and compliance
September 2018
Effective process analytics; Four reasons why LTE networks are not IIoT ready

Annual Salary Survey

After two years of economic concerns, manufacturing leaders once again have homed in on the single biggest issue facing their operations:

It's the workers—or more specifically, the lack of workers.

The 2017 Plant Engineering Salary Survey looks at not just what plant managers make, but what they think. As they look across their plants today, plant managers say they don’t have the operational depth to take on the new technologies and new challenges of global manufacturing.

Read more: 2017 Salary Survey

The Maintenance and Reliability Coach's blog
Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
One Voice for Manufacturing
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Maintenance and Reliability Professionals Blog
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Machine Safety
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
Research Analyst Blog
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Marshall on Maintenance
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
Lachance on CMMS
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
Material Handling
This digital report explains how everything from conveyors and robots to automatic picking systems and digital orders have evolved to keep pace with the speed of change in the supply chain.
Electrical Safety Update
This digital report explains how plant engineers need to take greater care when it comes to electrical safety incidents on the plant floor.
IIoT: Machines, Equipment, & Asset Management
Articles in this digital report highlight technologies that enable Industrial Internet of Things, IIoT-related products and strategies.
Randy Steele
Maintenance Manager; California Oils Corp.
Matthew J. Woo, PE, RCDD, LEED AP BD+C
Associate, Electrical Engineering; Wood Harbinger
Randy Oliver
Control Systems Engineer; Robert Bosch Corp.
Data Centers: Impacts of Climate and Cooling Technology
This course focuses on climate analysis, appropriateness of cooling system selection, and combining cooling systems.
Safety First: Arc Flash 101
This course will help identify and reveal electrical hazards and identify the solutions to implementing and maintaining a safe work environment.
Critical Power: Hospital Electrical Systems
This course explains how maintaining power and communication systems through emergency power-generation systems is critical.
Design of Safe and Reliable Hydraulic Systems for Subsea Applications
This eGuide explains how the operation of hydraulic systems for subsea applications requires the user to consider additional aspects because of the unique conditions that apply to the setting
click me