Higher costs already showing impact

Factory managers who need to tighten their budgets for operating supplies will find the going gets tougher in 2003. That's because the margin cushion that suppliers built this past year has been rapidly disappearing. Increases in the costs of raw materials, specifically steel and petroleum-related products, are squeezing producers.


Factory managers who need to tighten their budgets for operating supplies will find the going gets tougher in 2003. That's because the margin cushion that suppliers built this past year has been rapidly disappearing. Increases in the costs of raw materials, specifically steel and petroleum-related products, are squeezing producers.

Thanks to tariff disputes, average prices for steel mill products increased 2% in March and gained another 0.5% in April. For all of the third quarter of 2002, steel mill product prices are expected to rise 3.4%. Copper and aluminum prices will likewise rise 5.5% and 5.2%, respectively, in the third quarter.

The impact of higher costs can already be seen in the margin grades for the industries in our operating materials and supplies index. Three months ago we reported that nine industries enjoyed an A or A+ margin grade. Now, not a single industry sports any grade above B. Six have seen margins fall to the below-average D or F range, and eight sport average C grades.

Consider the ball and roller bearings industry. Here, per-unit production costs are forecast to rise 0.8% in the third quarter of 2002 and 0.5% in the fourth. Producers will offset some of the bottom-line damage by hiking prices 0.4% and 0.3% over the same two-quarter period. Then in 2003 Q1, ball and roller bearings will attempt to recoup the rest of their falling margins by hiking prices 0.7%. Factory managers who buy steel wire and related products should also keep an eye on the price outlook. In this industry, higher production costs have not been offset by higher prices. As a result, to return industry operating margins back to average levels held over the past five years, steel wire producers would have to increase prices by 3.6%. A price increase that strong is unlikely, but the pressure on suppliers is already there.

Price/cost/demand roundup

Average Product Prices Direct Mfg. Costs Growth in U.S. End Markets
Change, %, During 12-Mo Ending... and Margins Grade Change, %, During 12-Mo Ending...
Industry SIC Jan 02 Apr 02 Costs are... Grade Jan 02 Apr 02

the average producer in an industry. Grades of A to A+ mean plant engineers may be able to strike a better bargain with suppliers and better control plant costs.

Wood Pallets and Skids24480.42-0.74stableC-5.39-5.43
Polishes and Sanitation Goods28420.671.01risingC2.081.69
Surface Active Agents28431.920.60risingD-2.68-2.25
Adhesives and Sealants28913.242.54risingC-4.38-3.16
Lubricating Oils and Greases29925.734.25rising fastC-3.18-3.59
Rubber and Plastics Hose and Belting30523.623.03stableC-4.06-3.43
Abrasive Products32910.050.09risingD-6.40-5.83
Steel Wire and Related Products3315-1.93-2.15risingF-1.600.73
Copper Rolling and Drawing3351-5.63-7.10stableF-7.28-7.10
Nonferrous Wire Drawing & Insulating3357-3.21-4.34stableD-4.69-5.03
Heating Equipment, except Electric34331.221.07stableB0.650.27
Fabricated Plate Work, Boiler Shops34430.910.72stableB-4.00-5.55
Bolts, Nuts, Rivets and Washers34520.160.20stableD1.870.91
Industrial Valves34911.631.43stableB-0.91-2.18
Fluid Power Valves and Hose Fittings34921.371.23stableB-0.91-2.18
Other Valves and Pipe Fittings34944.404.91stableB-0.91-2.18
Misc. Fabricated Wire Products34960.250.08risingC-3.25-2.87
Fabricated Pipe and Fittings34980.640.11risingC-0.91-2.18
Ball and Roller Bearings35620.430.19stableC-4.36-4.32

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Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

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