Natural gas production in U.S. projected to increase

Natural gas production in the U.S., according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), is expected to grow in 2018 and 2019 and take an even larger chunk of generating the nation's electric power.

By News and Experts April 20, 2018

Natural gas production in the U.S. is projected to break the domestic record in 2018 and again in 2019, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). These increases, continuing a trend of the past decade, have been driven by an explosion in shale gas production, the EIA reports. And with supply remaining high, reports say natural gas prices nationally are expected to remain steady in upcoming months.

While consumers could continue to benefit in coming years, the affordability of natural gas may be a boon to manufacturers and job creation as well. With natural gas expected to remain the most-consumed fuel in the U.S. industrial sector, according to the EIA, areas accessible to ample reserves are gaining ground as prime places to build plants.

Shale’s abundance in the Marcellus and Utica reserves of the northeast U.S. and Ohio Valley has made that region more desirable as a potential location for petrochemical plants, according to an IHS Markit report. It found that, because of the availability of natural gas and natural gas liquids, the region is positioned to surpass the Gulf Coast as the most profitable place to build a petrochemical plant.

"Because of lower natural gas feedstock costs, cash costs are 23% lower than on the Gulf Coast," said Greg Kozera, director of marketing for Shale Crescent USA, a professional engineer, and author of the books Just the Fracks Ma’am and Learned Leadership.

"The report also says delivery costs are 23% lower, since the supply is closer to end users. The region’s location atop two of the most prolific shale plays in the world has created one of the world’s largest supplies of natural gas, and it’s led to the lowest natural gas prices in the developed world."

The U.S. surpassed Russia in 2009 as the world’s largest natural gas producer, according to the EIA. Natural gas from the Marcellus and Utica shale reserves accounted for 30% of total U.S. natural gas production in December 2017, and the area is expected to account for more than 37% of the national output by 2040, according to the EIA and the IHS Markit report.

"It has abundant availability of ethane and propane, natural gas liquids used in petrochemical production and plastics manufacturing," Kozera said. "By 2040, the area is projected to produce almost as much natural gas as the entire United States did in 2005, prior to the shale revolution."

Just a decade ago, according to U.S. News and World Report, coal provided roughly 50% of the fuel used to generate the nation’s electric power while natural gas accounted for less than 20%. Since the shale revolution and cheaper natural gas, the share of electricity generated from natural gas reached an all-time high of nearly 34% in 2016, exceeding coal’s share (30.4%) for the first time ever.

Original content can be found at Oil and Gas Engineering.