What will a Smart Grid in India look like?

The recent widespread power failures in India have highlighted a number of problems that exist in the electrical grid throughout the country.

08/02/2012


IHS has acquired IMS ResearchThe recent widespread power failures in India have highlighted a number of problems that exist in the electrical grid there. A report from IMS Research (recently acquired by IHS Inc.) on Distribution Automation Equipment – 2012 Edition analyzes the regional differences between distribution automation adoption globally, including developing countries such as India, and what role smart grid technologies will play in helping to solve these problems.

India’s recent power outage problems are more basic than smart grid. The key concern for India is inadequate generation capacity, as well as the shortage of coal for existing power plants. Using centralized generation alone, India’s government has struggled to provide enough power to a growing population and economy. IMS Research analyst Nicole Juarez commented: “India’s main concern continues to be installing ‘lights on’ infrastructure to increase electrification rates or to keep up with rising electricity consumption. This is evident when reviewing expenditure on smart grid enabling electronics (including capacitor controls, voltage regulator controls, switch control modules, digital protective relays, etc.) in distribution applications, where investment from countries in Asia is relatively low when compared to other regions globally. However, when taking into account investment in heavy metal equipment (including switchgear, capacitor banks, voltage regulators, circuit breakers, etc.) Asia is estimated to account for over 60% of global revenue.”

Smart grid, and specifically distribution automation, is  typically thought of  as a complex, interconnected system with communications and networks which support “applications,” like volt/VAR optimization and fluid demand-response. These smart grid applications are not underway and may not even be appropriate for most of India. Instead, India’s home and small business owners are installing their own small generators, and the utility grid operators have increased their use of sensors around the grid to help them monitor problems, find trouble spots, predict failures and respond quickly. “Over the past couple years, India has invested heavily in monitoring of the distribution network in the form of power meters, line monitoring devices and fault detectors which allow utilities to help minimize non-technical losses, or theft, and highlight problematic areas,” adds Juarez. According to Distribution Automation Equipment – 2012 Edition, power meters, line monitoring devices, and fault detectors in Asia accounted for an estimated $58 million in sales in 2011 and are projected to grow to almost $92 million annually by 2017. These may not be interconnected, high-bandwidth, distributed intelligence smart grid applications that are the focus of discussion in the United States or Europe, but they are solving existing problems to support today’s growth.

Juarez continued: “Moving forward, it will be interesting to see how India copes with continuously increasing demand for electricity. With shipments of smart meters expected to begin in earnest within the next five years, additional applications and more sophisticated smart grid solutions will become applicable in India. However, investment will remain strong in the short term for heavy metal and sensing equipment, in efforts to electrify the country while limiting blackouts, theft, and technical losses.”

Juarez concluded: “Currently in India, individuals and merchants take a large share of the responsibility in keeping the power on, with a strong example being the distribution of diesel gensets throughout the country. Given this established pattern, it might not be much of a leap to envision distributed renewable generation taking off in the not so distant future in India. And when realizing that centralized generation will not be invested in enough to meet forecasted demand, then this assertion makes even more sense.”



No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2013 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Leaders Under 40 program features outstanding young people who are making a difference in manufacturing. View the 2013 Leaders here.
The new control room: It's got all the bells and whistles - and alarms, too; Remote maintenance; Specifying VFDs
2014 forecast issue: To serve and to manufacture - Veterans will bring skill and discipline to the plant floor if we can find a way to get them there.
2013 Top Plant: Lincoln Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio
Case Study Database

Case Study Database

Get more exposure for your case study by uploading it to the Plant Engineering case study database, where end-users can identify relevant solutions and explore what the experts are doing to effectively implement a variety of technology and productivity related projects.

These case studies provide examples of how knowledgeable solution providers have used technology, processes and people to create effective and successful implementations in real-world situations. Case studies can be completed by filling out a simple online form where you can outline the project title, abstract, and full story in 1500 words or less; upload photos, videos and a logo.

Click here to visit the Case Study Database and upload your case study.

Bring focus to PLC programming: 5 things to avoid in putting your system together; Managing the DCS upgrade; PLM upgrade: a step-by-step approach
Balancing the bagging triangle; PID tuning improves process efficiency; Standardizing control room HMIs
Commissioning electrical systems in mission critical facilities; Anticipating the Smart Grid; Mitigating arc flash hazards in medium-voltage switchgear; Comparing generator sizing software

Annual Salary Survey

Participate in the 2013 Salary Survey

In a year when manufacturing continued to lead the economic rebound, it makes sense that plant manager bonuses rebounded. Plant Engineering’s annual Salary Survey shows both wages and bonuses rose in 2012 after a retreat the year before.

Average salary across all job titles for plant floor management rose 3.5% to $95,446, and bonus compensation jumped to $15,162, a 4.2% increase from the 2010 level and double the 2011 total, which showed a sharp drop in bonus.

2012 Salary Survey Analysis

2012 Salary Survey Results

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.