What will a Smart Grid in India look like?

The recent widespread power failures in India have highlighted a number of problems that exist in the electrical grid throughout the country.

08/02/2012


IHS has acquired IMS ResearchThe recent widespread power failures in India have highlighted a number of problems that exist in the electrical grid there. A report from IMS Research (recently acquired by IHS Inc.) on Distribution Automation Equipment – 2012 Edition analyzes the regional differences between distribution automation adoption globally, including developing countries such as India, and what role smart grid technologies will play in helping to solve these problems.

India’s recent power outage problems are more basic than smart grid. The key concern for India is inadequate generation capacity, as well as the shortage of coal for existing power plants. Using centralized generation alone, India’s government has struggled to provide enough power to a growing population and economy. IMS Research analyst Nicole Juarez commented: “India’s main concern continues to be installing ‘lights on’ infrastructure to increase electrification rates or to keep up with rising electricity consumption. This is evident when reviewing expenditure on smart grid enabling electronics (including capacitor controls, voltage regulator controls, switch control modules, digital protective relays, etc.) in distribution applications, where investment from countries in Asia is relatively low when compared to other regions globally. However, when taking into account investment in heavy metal equipment (including switchgear, capacitor banks, voltage regulators, circuit breakers, etc.) Asia is estimated to account for over 60% of global revenue.”

Smart grid, and specifically distribution automation, is  typically thought of  as a complex, interconnected system with communications and networks which support “applications,” like volt/VAR optimization and fluid demand-response. These smart grid applications are not underway and may not even be appropriate for most of India. Instead, India’s home and small business owners are installing their own small generators, and the utility grid operators have increased their use of sensors around the grid to help them monitor problems, find trouble spots, predict failures and respond quickly. “Over the past couple years, India has invested heavily in monitoring of the distribution network in the form of power meters, line monitoring devices and fault detectors which allow utilities to help minimize non-technical losses, or theft, and highlight problematic areas,” adds Juarez. According to Distribution Automation Equipment – 2012 Edition, power meters, line monitoring devices, and fault detectors in Asia accounted for an estimated $58 million in sales in 2011 and are projected to grow to almost $92 million annually by 2017. These may not be interconnected, high-bandwidth, distributed intelligence smart grid applications that are the focus of discussion in the United States or Europe, but they are solving existing problems to support today’s growth.

Juarez continued: “Moving forward, it will be interesting to see how India copes with continuously increasing demand for electricity. With shipments of smart meters expected to begin in earnest within the next five years, additional applications and more sophisticated smart grid solutions will become applicable in India. However, investment will remain strong in the short term for heavy metal and sensing equipment, in efforts to electrify the country while limiting blackouts, theft, and technical losses.”

Juarez concluded: “Currently in India, individuals and merchants take a large share of the responsibility in keeping the power on, with a strong example being the distribution of diesel gensets throughout the country. Given this established pattern, it might not be much of a leap to envision distributed renewable generation taking off in the not so distant future in India. And when realizing that centralized generation will not be invested in enough to meet forecasted demand, then this assertion makes even more sense.”



No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2015 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
2016 Engineering Leaders Under 40; Future vision: Where is manufacturing headed?; Electrical distribution, redefined
Strategic outsourcing delivers efficiency; Sleeve bearing clearance; Causes of water hammer; Improve air quality; Maintenance safety; GAMS preview
World-class maintenance: The three keys to success - Deploy people, process and technology; 2016 Lubrication Guide; Why hydraulic systems get hot
Flexible offshore fire protection; Big Data's impact on operations; Bridging the skills gap; Identifying security risks
The digital oilfield: Utilizing Big Data can yield big savings; Virtualization a real solution; Tracking SIS performance
Getting to the bottom of subsea repairs: Older pipelines need more attention, and operators need a repair strategy; OTC preview; Offshore production difficult - and crucial
Applying network redundancy; Overcoming loop tuning challenges; PID control and networks
Driving motor efficiency; Preventing arc flash in mission critical facilities; Integrating alternative power and existing electrical systems
Package boilers; Natural gas infrared heating; Thermal treasure; Standby generation; Natural gas supports green efforts

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
This article collection contains several articles on the vital role that compressed air plays in manufacturing plants.
This article collection contains several articles on the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and how it is transforming manufacturing.
This article collection contains several articles on strategic maintenance and understanding all the parts of your plant.
click me