Sports, entertainment venues: Sustainability and energy efficiency

Sports arenas and entertainment facilities involve complex engineering solutions. Engineers discuss sustainability, renewable energy, and energy efficiency in these buildings.


Keith Cooper, PE, President, McClure Engineering, St. Louis. Courtesy: McClure EngineeringDouglas H. Evans, PE, FSFPE, Fire Protection Engineer, Clark County, Nevada. Courtesy: Clark County, NevadaBill Larwood, PE, LEED AP, Senior Vice President/Project Principal, Syska Hennessey Group, Los Angeles. Courtesy: Syska Hennessey GroupKevin Lewis, PE, LEED AP BD+C, Vice President, Henderson Engineers, Lenexa, Kansas. Courtesy: Henderson EngineersBruce McKinlay, Principal, Arup, Los Angeles. Courtesy: Arup

Participants (left to right):

Keith Cooper, PE, President, McClure Engineering, St. Louis

Douglas H. Evans, PE, FSFPE, Fire Protection Engineer, Clark County, Nevada

Bill Larwood, PE, LEED AP, Senior Vice President/Project Principal, Syska Hennessey Group, Los Angeles

Kevin Lewis, PE, LEED AP BD+C, Vice President, Henderson Engineers, Lenexa, Kansas

Bruce McKinlay, Principal, Arup, Los Angeles    

CSE: What types of systems have you specified in stadiums to help make them more efficient?

Larwood: Stadiums and entertainment venues often will have large lobby areas with vast curtain walls—providing great daylighting opportunities. These daylighting solutions rely on light photocells to measure the ambient light and save energy. Likewise, occupancy sensors can save energy throughout the venues by shutting off lights.

McKinlay: I’ve seen passive shading strategies for open arenas, thermal energy storage (TES) so cooling can be generated over low demand times, and rainwater reclamation systems to be used for irrigation and toilet flushing.

The team at Arup helped execute systems at the Singapore Sports Hub, which features a 55,000-seat stadium with a retractable roof that has an LED lighting system, making it the largest programmable LED screen in the world. Courtesy: OakerLewis: For arenas with large occupancies, we specify units with CO2 sensors, energy recovery systems, and enthalpy economizers where it makes sense. For non-bowl systems we’ll use variable air volume (VAV) systems or single-zone VAV so that we can make the most of the time periods when the occupied load isn’t 100%. For baseball parks or stadium suites, we have been integrating variable refrigerant flow (VRF) technologies that provide very efficient condensing units to reduce consumption. We’ve also tried to reduce the lighting wattage below the ASHRAE minimums as well as incorporate low-flow fixtures as much as possible to keep water usage at a minimum.

CSE: What types of renewable energy systems have you incorporated into sports or entertainment venues?

Lewis: We have used photovoltaic systems on a variety of projects as a way to use renewable energy systems in sports and entertainment venues. For the most part these projects typically have large roof expanses or parking lots that are ideal areas to catch the sun while not intruding on the final look of the project.

CSE: Have you seen the demand for electric vehicle charging stations increase in venues like this?

McKinlay: Yes, for a project that we were looking to achieve zero carbon in car trips on game day. Not yet, but this could be a feature of the future.

Lewis: For the first time in 2012 we started seeing a request for two to four specific spaces at sports venues for electric car charging stations. As time passes we believe the need for this type of parking spot will increase both in the number of spots required and the number of venues requesting these amenities.

Cooper: We have not. 

No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2013 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
A cool solution: Collaboration, chemistry leads to foundry coat product development; See the 2015 Product of the Year Finalists
Raising the standard: What's new with NFPA 70E; A global view of manufacturing; Maintenance data; Fit bearings properly
Sister act: Building on their father's legacy, a new generation moves Bales Metal Surface Solutions forward; Meet the 2015 Engineering Leaders Under 40
Cyber security cost-efficient for industrial control systems; Extracting full value from operational data; Managing cyber security risks
Drilling for Big Data: Managing the flow of information; Big data drilldown series: Challenge and opportunity; OT to IT: Creating a circle of improvement; Industry loses best workers, again
Pipeline vulnerabilities? Securing hydrocarbon transit; Predictive analytics hit the mainstream; Dirty pipelines decrease flow, production—pig your line; Ensuring pipeline physical and cyber security
Upgrading secondary control systems; Keeping enclosures conditioned; Diagnostics increase equipment uptime; Mechatronics simplifies machine design
Designing positive-energy buildings; Ensuring power quality; Complying with NFPA 110; Minimizing arc flash hazards
Building high availability into industrial computers; Of key metrics and myth busting; The truth about five common VFD myths

Annual Salary Survey

After almost a decade of uncertainty, the confidence of plant floor managers is soaring. Even with a number of challenges and while implementing new technologies, there is a renewed sense of optimism among plant managers about their business and their future.

The respondents to the 2014 Plant Engineering Salary Survey come from throughout the U.S. and serve a variety of industries, but they are uniform in their optimism about manufacturing. This year’s survey found 79% consider manufacturing a secure career. That’s up from 75% in 2013 and significantly higher than the 63% figure when Plant Engineering first started asking that question a decade ago.

Read more: 2014 Salary Survey: Confidence rises amid the challenges

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.