Oil refining passes peak
A few weeks ago I posted a question asking if oil consumption in the U.S. hit its peak in 2007 and will not reach those levels again even after the recession ends. There is more evidence that consumption has indeed peaked because oil companies are now looking at ways to reduce refining capacity. If you can remember back as far as 2006, there was much hand wringing that no new oil refineries had been built in the U.S. since the ‘70s and gas lines were around the corner. Now there is 3 million bpd of idle capacity here and in Europe that will have to be taken offline to get oil companies’ production back into the black.
Let’s face it, most of us thought that oil consumption was on a permanent increase, or at least we were still years away from hitting the peak. Oil consumption rates were like housing prices, they never go down. We were wrong about that too. The Tribune quotes BP CEO Tony Hayward saying, “None of us will sell more gasoline than we did in 2007.”
While I feel bad for people that stand to lose their jobs, (Chevron may cut 2,000.) oil producers closing a few older and less efficient refineries would not necessarily be a bad thing. Of course hurricane-induced outages could be a problem, but in general, concentrating production in a smaller fleet of more sophisticated and cost-effective plants would help rebuild profitability. Some of those plants might also benefit from some long overdue improvements to their plant automation systems. There are plenty of ideas here at Control Engineering.
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Annual Salary Survey
Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.
There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.
But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.
Read more: 2015 Salary Survey