Integrated control houses
From motor control centers in bustling industrial centers to remote communications equipment on mountaintops, integrated control houses are popping up just about everywhere.
From motor control centers in bustling industrial centers to remote communications equipment on mountaintops, integrated control houses are popping up just about everywhere. Containing increasingly critical and sensitive electronic equipment, control houses are often integral to our sprawling commercial and public infrastructures, including utilities, communications, defense, research and manufacturing.
Today's control houses
Obtaining all those capabilities in a durable yet practical structure can be a challenge. In some cases, engineers have gone to extremes in designing control buildings from "scratch," insisting on block-and-mortar or pre-cast concrete structures.
Transportability is often a key issue for a number of reasons. Pre-cast concrete structures must be hauled on big-rig flatbeds. Remote locations, such as rural areas and mountaintops - where transmitters, substations and communications systems might be located - can be difficult if not impossible to access due to narrow and unpaved roads.
Special roadway clearance permits may be required, and secondary vehicles may be needed to lead and follow wide loads. Once a pre-cast concrete house has been trucked to a remote location, large cranes are required to unload and position the structure.
Pre-fabricated, or "manufactured" buildings, cousins of the double-wide house and temporary classroom, share many of the same transportability problems as pre-cast concrete buildings. After they are fitted out with the control room equipment, manufactured buildings also have to be trucked to locations, sometimes to areas difficult to access. Once they arrive, they are offloaded and mounted on a slab.
The block-and-mortar or otherwise built-from-scratch control house also presents a number of transportability issues. Building materials have to be trucked to the construction site, which may have limited road access. Once the materials arrive, a staging area must to be provided plus a work area for the construction team. Forklifts and air compressors are often required.
Depending on the building design, a range of construction trades is involved, such as masons, carpenters, metal workers and HVAC contractors. Once construction is complete, a team of technicians will be needed to install electronic equipment and hook up the control house.
On the other hand, today's pre-engineered, modular panel steel control house may offer a more attractive, money-saving alternative. Modular panel buildings are constructed of mix-and-match panels, and are assembled on site. Because they are shipped as a "kit," they are more transportable than pre-cast concrete or traditional pre-fabricated buildings.
When buildings are needed at remote locations, this can make a huge difference in transportation requirements, and even feasibility. In the Kelly Klosure Small-Span building, structure, sheeting, and optional insulation are pre-installed in unique modular panels, as are doors, windows, and ventilation. Because the panels are pre-punched to accept patented locking keys, the contractors were able to quickly attach hinged roof panels to wall panels with one hand.
"It is essential that the control houses we include with our wind turbine towers are containerized," says Mark Ringenberg, Projects Manager at Valmont Wind Energy, Valley, NE. "One of the primary benefits of our wind tower design - and part of our mission statement - is that the entire system is completely containerizable, including the control house that encloses the system controls."
Valmont's breakthrough wind turbine tower for turbines in the 660 kW to 1.5 MW range, incorporates a utility-grade installation system designed to overcome the installation challenges of typical wind tower designs. Featuring a patented self-contained turbine lifting system, the Valmont structure is completely modular and composed of sections of manageable size, which brings with it several advantages, including expanded corrosion protection options and reduced shipping and construction costs.
The entire Valmont structure, including the control house, can be erected without the use of large cranes.
"This modular design also gives us a transportation cost advantage," says Ringenberg. "Wind towers in general have sections 60 to 80 ft. long, with base section diameters that are about 12-14 ft. That presents a shipping dilemma, because they're over-width, over-length and overweight for normal surface transportation. Their size also makes it tough to ship conventional towers overseas, where we intend to market from Nebraska. So, obviously, it is important for us to have the control houses as containerizable as the tower."
Valmont selected Kelly Klosure's "Small Span" modular steel building as a solution to its control house needs. Available in sizes 6-24 ft. wide, with 3-ft. modular panels to fit any length requirements, the Kelly Klosure product gave Valmont the needed ability to containerize, plus the utmost in flexibility and a lifespan of at least 30 years.
The flexibility of modular panel steel control houses enables customers to minimize sizes, and thereby save on energy needed to power heating or air conditioning systems. These structures are also easily expandable, so that facilities that add equipment can enlarge their motor control centers easily, whenever required.
Enlarging an existing building can be done by simply removing an endwall and attaching additional wall and roof panels. Lengthy approval procedures and exorbitant construction costs can also be overcome by the modular steel control house design. Those were among the considerations when Jacobson Helgoth Consultants (JHC), an environmental consulting firm, engineered an ultraviolet (UV) disinfection project for the Wilber, Nebraska wastewater treatment plant.
For security and weather protection, key process control equipment had to be housed within a protective structure. Conventional structures typically took months to complete, including up-front design and engineering, lengthy approval procedures, and labor-intensive construction requiring builders to erect a frame, drape insulation, attach sheeting with self-tapping screws, then frame doors, windows, and ventilation.
At the recommendation of a professional colleague, Fred Scarpello, Project Manager in charge of the project for JHC, turned to Kelly Klosure Systems. "The pre-engineered system saved up-front design and engineering time, and the building's one-day erection time helped speed project completion and saved a significant amount in construction costs," says Scarpello.
Kelly Klosure's Small-Span design, to specified 18 x 8 x 22' dimensions, was pre-engineered to UBC (Uniform Building Code) code for fast approval. It included a personnel door, three windows in one sidewall, fixed louvers in each endwall for ventilation, R-10 insulation, and 3'-wide fiberglass skylights covering about 40 percent of the roof area for maximum daylight exposure.
The building was delivered within four weeks of order and erected in one day by a four-person contract crew. The industry average for erecting traditional structures, in contrast, typically takes up to 10 weeks.
For more information on Small-Span or other modular metal buildings, write to Kelly Klosure Systems at P.O. Box 1058, Fremont, Nebraska 68026-1058; call 800-228-7230; fax 402-727-1363; or visit www.kellyklosure.com .
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Annual Salary Survey
Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.
There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.
But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.
Read more: 2015 Salary Survey