In the beginning…

When Plant Engineering magazine was introduced in November 1947, the United States was transitioning from World War II and the Cold War. The United States emerged from World War II to face a political and military scene changed forever by that conflict. In 1947, the Soviet Union was becoming an actively hostile and dangerous opponent.


When Plant Engineering magazine was introduced in November 1947, the United States was transitioning from World War II and the Cold War. The United States emerged from World War II to face a political and military scene changed forever by that conflict. In 1947, the Soviet Union was becoming an actively hostile and dangerous opponent. In order to combat the Soviets, President Harry S. Truman wanted to create the structures that guaranteed America’s national security as well as lasting world peace.

Investments in the war effort led to a sizeable and significant contribution to growth in manufacturing from 1947 to 1972. The U.S. aviation industry was the largest manufacturing industry in the world in that era. The need for better aircraft for the military and more modern aircraft for the commercial airlines included new airports, the training of mechanics and technicians and the development, production and storage of fuel.

While America’s growth in manufacturing soared, the rest of the industrialized world sat in postwar wreckage. Europe and Japan were physically and economically shattered by the war, which gave U.S. manufacturers a virtual monopoly in international trade. The U.S. economy escalated. The GNP grew an astounding 250% between 1945 and 1960. Personal income began to grow, and, as a result, reached a record high rate of 3.9% in 1960. Consequently, life became easier after the war; the grinding workweek was no longer a necessity. Instead, workers had spare time and greater purchasing power, which further stimulated the economy. Automation helped worker productivity rise by 35% between 1945 and 1960. Peacetime production had to meet the growing demand for consumer goods that was fueled by wartime incomes, so after the war, American industrialists put $10 billion a year into new plants and machinery.

Automobile manufacturing increased to meet demand, and provided jobs and a surge in the postwar economy. During World War II, large automobile manufacturing firms produced the majority of aircraft engines and propellers, but the automakers rapidly left the aircraft industry at the war’s end, and their factories were converted to automobile manufacturing and other civilian purposes. The petroleum industry also made a decisive contribution to expanding the industrial world.

Plant Engineering magazine emerged because of the growth in generation and utilization of power. In the magazine’s first issue, the publishers stated, “Plant Engineering will be developed to the needs and interests of those men who are responsible for the general operation and maintenance of the entire plant. It will concern itself with such matters as steam distribution throughout the plant, with plumbing, heating and drinking water systems.”

The editors and publishers also recognized that, “WWII did more to advance the art of maintenance than any other event in the history of our country,” so one of their main focuses was maintenance. “Maintenance Hints,” along with “New Equipment and Methods,” “Digest,” “Question and Answer” and “Plant Engineer’s Library” were the features in its early years. These focused on description of new commercial products, abstracts of articles in other publications, readers’ problems and book reviews.

Many of the key topics in 1947 were different than the ones in 2007. Topics like safety, estimating and reducing costs are still a focus, modern washrooms are not. The keyword 60 years ago was modern, and the idea of using color was a modern one. In the first editions of Plant Engineering , color was used sparingly and the cover was the only page to fully use the beyond black-and-white appearance.

From Plant Engineering ’s first issue in 1947 through today, the publishers and editors have strived to stay on top of emerging issues. In 1947, it was the impact of the Marshall Plan. Today, it is the evolution of wireless monitoring.

The global economy that was devastated in 1947 has caught, and in some places passed, the U.S. Breaking the sound barrier in 1947 was considered revolutionary; today, manufacturing changes at the speed of light.

That change, as we will see in the coming months, has been chronicled in Plant Engineering , which has kept readers informed about how to run a better plant for 60 years.

No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2015 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
Safer human-robot collaboration; 2017 Maintenance Survey; Digital Training; Converting your lighting system
IIoT grows up; Six ways to lower IIoT costs; Six mobile safety strategies; 2017 Salary Survey
2016 Top Plant; 2016 Best Practices on manufacturing progress, efficiency, safety
Mobility as the means to offshore innovation; Preventing another Deepwater Horizon; ROVs as subsea robots; SCADA and the radio spectrum
Future of oil and gas projects; Reservoir models; The importance of SCADA to oil and gas
Big Data and bigger solutions; Tablet technologies; SCADA developments
Automation modernization; Predictive analytics enable open connectivity; System integration success; Automation turns home brewer into brew house
Commissioning electrical systems; Designing emergency and standby generator systems; Paralleling switchgear generator systems
Natural gas for tomorrow's fleets; Colleges and universities moving to CHP; Power and steam and frozen foods

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
This digital report will explore several aspects of how IIoT will transform manufacturing in the coming years.
Motion control advances and solutions can help with machine control, automated control on assembly lines, integration of robotics and automation, and machine safety.
Compressed air plays a vital role in most manufacturing plants, and availability of compressed air is crucial to a wide variety of operations.
Maintenance Manager; California Oils Corp.
Associate, Electrical Engineering; Wood Harbinger
Control Systems Engineer; Robert Bosch Corp.
click me