NFPA 70E What you need to know I read with great interest the article that came out in Plant Engineering in regards to NFPA 70E (May 2004). The information was very informative. However, the picture in Figure 3 shows an electrician measuring for voltage on a rather large motor which would probably be 480 volt.



What you need to know

I read with great interest the article that came out in Plant Engineering in regards to NFPA 70E (May 2004). The information was very informative.

However, the picture in Figure 3 shows an electrician measuring for voltage on a rather large motor which would probably be 480 volt. He is using all of the prescribed equipment as specified by NFPA 70E except for a face shield. The irony is the highlight of the changes as called out on the first page of the article is that "The most significant change is the addition of the arc-rated face shield in the Hazard Risk Category 2."

My problem is that we have been in the process of implementing NFPA 70E in our plant for the past 2 years. A lot of our maintenance people read the magazine. When they see pictures that do not support the rules, it causes them to question if we as managers are going down the correct path.

Joe Rachford

Human Side

Pregnancy discrimination

In the April 2004 issue, Mr. Dreyfack has a manager uphold a blatant pregnancy discrimination action. In the "Can pregnancy be considered a dischargeable offense?" case, the interviewer that asked a leading question regarding a female applicant's "long-term performance" (and then insinuating that she concealed her pregnancy) is an illegal hiring question. Questions about family status and pregnancy are forbidden in job interviews and are seen as prima facie discrimination.

Please use someone with a modern foundation (possibly SHRM [Society for Human Resource Management] certified) in human relations for this column or remove it from your publication.

It serves only for poor entertainment at this time.

David Everett, Safety Environmental Manager, DAMON Corp.

Dreyfack's response

My purpose in framing Human Side anecdotes has always been to present material in such a way that it will help readers arrive at a fair, reasonable, and "human" resolution of problems that occur on the job. Anecdotes most often derive from actual arbitration cases reported in the press, in books, manuals, newsletters, and elsewhere. Some also derive from SHRM literature.

I never offer legal advice. Over Human Side's long history I know of no case where anyone was sued as the result of action prompted by a Human Side case.

In my work for Human Side I refer often to SHRM material and advice. My principal guru regarding these cases is Leonard J. Smith, an American Arbitration Society panelist and cofounder of SHRM. I discussed "Can pregnancy ever be considered a dischargeable offense" with Len Smith. He agrees the plant engineer in question made the right decision.

With regard to this case, two points must be made: (1) Pregnancy was never referred to at Peggy Conrad's interview, which would have been illegal. (2) Conrad was not discharged because she was pregnant, but because, when asked if "she knew of anything that might interrupt or interfere with her long-term performance," her reply was negative. She was fired, not for being pregnant, but for having resorted to deception to obtain employment, thereby inflicting considerable cost and inconvenience on the company. With this in mind the plant engineer was correct in ruling that her discharge was not discriminatory.

Specifically, Mr. Everett might wish to track down Page vs. Chandonnet , DC Md. EPD 39,816, a case tried some years ago, in which the court ruled that a pregnant woman's discharge was not illegal because, like Conrad, "she had concealed her pregnancy during her job interview and rejected an alternate position." Not every cause or conclusion is as obvious as it appears at first sight.

Ray Dreyfack, Contributing Editor

No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2015 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
Safety for 18 years, warehouse maintenance tips, Ethernet and the IIoT, GAMS 2016 recap
2016 Engineering Leaders Under 40; Future vision: Where is manufacturing headed?; Electrical distribution, redefined
Strategic outsourcing delivers efficiency; Sleeve bearing clearance; Causes of water hammer; Improve air quality; Maintenance safety; GAMS preview
SCADA at the junction, Managing risk through maintenance, Moving at the speed of data
Safety at every angle, Big Data's impact on operations, bridging the skills gap
The digital oilfield: Utilizing Big Data can yield big savings; Virtualization a real solution; Tracking SIS performance
Applying network redundancy; Overcoming loop tuning challenges; PID control and networks
Driving motor efficiency; Preventing arc flash in mission critical facilities; Integrating alternative power and existing electrical systems
Package boilers; Natural gas infrared heating; Thermal treasure; Standby generation; Natural gas supports green efforts

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
This article collection contains several articles on the vital role of plant safety and offers advice on best practices.
This article collection contains several articles on the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and how it is transforming manufacturing.
This article collection contains several articles on strategic maintenance and understanding all the parts of your plant.
click me