District Department of Transportation
Existing building retrofit: District Department of Transportation; GPI/Greenman-Pedersen Inc.
Location: Washington, D.C.
Firm name: GPI/Greenman-Pedersen Inc.
Project type, building type: Existing building retrofit, office
Project duration: 1 year
Project completion date: Sept. 29, 2007
Project budget for mechanical, electrical, plumbing, fire protection engineering only: $4.2 million
The project wanted to achieve U.S. Green Building Council LEED Silver certification, which required reduction of lighting energy consumption by 15% below the ASHRAE 90.1 2007 baseline.
The lighting strategy used was to design the general ambient level to a maintained foot-candle average of approximately 30 foot-candles and provide LED task lights to raise foot-candle levels to 50 foot-candles per IES recommendations. LED exit signs specified further reduced energy consumption. Occupancy controls were used to control lighting throughout the space and reduce energy consumption. Wall-mounted infrared sensors controlled smaller enclosed spaces; ceiling-mounted ultrasonic sensors controlled corridors and open office spaces; ceiling-mounted dual-technology sensors (infrared and ultrasonic) controlled conference rooms; and wall-mounted dual relay infrared sensors controlled small conference rooms. All occupancy sensors were provided with either integral or external override off switches to allow users to turn off lights even when the room was occupied to improve energy savings. The project was awarded LEED ID+C Silver Certification.
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Annual Salary Survey
Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.
There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.
But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.
Read more: 2015 Salary Survey