By the Numbers

3,303,000 U.S. high school students are expected to graduate during the 2007-08 school year (about 3 of 4 students enrolled as freshman in public schools), according to the U.S. Department of Education’s Institute of Education Sciences National Center for Education Statistics. In 1909-10 total was 156,000.


3,303,000 U.S. high school students are expected to graduate during the 2007-08 school year (about 3 of 4 students enrolled as freshman in public schools), according to the U.S. Department of Education’s Institute of Education Sciences National Center for Education Statistics. In 1909-10 total was 156,000. In 1959-60 total was 1,858,000.

4 properties of integer addition provide a model for abstract group axioms, according to an article on mathematical groups in Wikipedia at (mathematics). This was a Nov. 5 featured article on the English home page at .

7% of survey respondents said understanding machine vision technology was a limiting factor for implementation; 48% are concerned that machine vision is too complex or costly to implement, says the December 2008 Control Engineering Product Research on Machine Vision (in this issue).

24x7 event monitoring in process control systems was the Nov. 12 topic in the Control Engineering Industrial Cyber Security blog. That post included the observation that “a lack of clarity exists between traditional business operations, information technology, and industrial control. The challenge is to understand the business’ role and then map this in to technology appropriately.” There were five posts Nov. 10-25 at

14 organizations shared how they innovate in the “Innovators” supplement to EDN, which provided insights into the process, even as it admits, “Innovation is hard to teach and hard to predict....”

10 ways to get more income, no matter what the economy is doing, are offered by John Tschohl, founder and president of the Service Quality Institute for customer service training. 1) Do more than you are paid to do. 2) Use speed. 3) Learn. 4) Ask for training. 5) Be positive. 6) Believe in yourself. 7) Create a game plan. 8) Ask for more responsibility. 9) Deliver what you promise. 10) Read. Learn more at

16 contests are listed at the Chicago Area Robotics Group site, including humanoid demonstration, Kung-Fu, stairs, racing line following, and SRS Robomagellan. Also see a robot gallery and a builder gallery. Next meeting is Dec. 14.

3 means of introducing young people to careers in manufacturing, says Nuts, Bolts & Thingamajigs Foundation, are mentoring programs, education, and media awareness. NBTF aims to develop manual skills required by industries, workshops and engineering practices.

6 purposes for certification by International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering include improving the competence, quality, and effectiveness of pharmaceutical professionals. Learn more about certification with a slideshow presentation and podcast.

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