5 key questions to answer during hygienic food plant design

Food safety is a shared responsibility among different departments. Use these five high level questions to improve the sanitary design of the plant.

10/06/2015


Food safety is a shared responsibility among different departments. Use these five high level questions to improve the sanitary design of the plant. Courtesy: StellarFood safety should always be a shared responsibility for everyone works at a food processing plant. Whether planning the hygienic design of a new or existing facility, schedule a collaborative planning session. Invite engineering and construction professionals along with individuals from multiple departments to answer key questions that will drive the sanitary design of the plant.

  1. What products will be made? At a high level, identify if the plant will be processing raw, uncooked products or cooked, ready-to-eat (RTE) products–or both. Does the product mix include allergens? Non-allergens? How about non-GMOs or Kosher products? Mind dry and wet ingredients, as well. These all direct the path of the plant’s sanitary design.

  2. How these products will be made? Determine which equipment will be used, how many process lines will be necessary, and how will they be packaged, etc.

  3. Will isolate plant areas be positively or negatively pressurized? And what types of physical barriers will be needed? Remember, the cleanest areas of a plant (ready-to-eat product spaces) must be positively pressurized to keep out unfiltered air. Outside air cannot be drawn in through any openings, so isolating these areas tightly is key. In addition, physical barriers such as interior walls and doors should be strategically located to isolate critical zones and limit traffic between work centers.

  4. How many zones of control will we need? If the plant will house both raw and ready-to-eat (RTE) products, the hygienic zones must be separated with proper corresponding filtration levels and airflow. Keep in mind, dry ingredients and packaging areas often require humidity control, each requiring its own “zone of control.”

  5. What is the cleaning cycle, and which chemicals will be used for sanitation? Ensure materials used in the design can withstand both harsh cleaning chemicals and temperature variations. Also consider how to segregate and store maintenance and cleaning tools. These can often come in contact with unclean equipment during disassembly for cleaning or repair–posing a major food safety threat. Planning ahead from the design stage can prevent this situation in your food manufacturing plant.

Joe Bove is the vice president of design at Stellar. This article originally appeared on Stellar's Food for Thought blog. Stellar is a CFE content partner. Edited by Joy Chang, digital project manager, CFE Media, jchang@cfemedia.com



No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2015 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
Prescriptive maintenance; Hannover Messe 2017 recap; Reduce welding errors
Safety standards and electrical test instruments; Product of the Year winners; Easy and safe electrical design
Safer human-robot collaboration; 2017 Maintenance Survey; Digital Training; Converting your lighting system
Mobility as the means to offshore innovation; Preventing another Deepwater Horizon; ROVs as subsea robots; SCADA and the radio spectrum
Future of oil and gas projects; Reservoir models; The importance of SCADA to oil and gas
Big Data and bigger solutions; Tablet technologies; SCADA developments
Automation modernization; Predictive analytics enable open connectivity; System integration success; Automation turns home brewer into brew house
Commissioning electrical systems; Designing emergency and standby generator systems; Paralleling switchgear generator systems
Natural gas for tomorrow's fleets; Colleges and universities moving to CHP; Power and steam and frozen foods

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
Featured articles highlight technologies that enable the Industrial Internet of Things, IIoT-related products and strategies to get data more easily to the user.
Compressed air plays a vital role in most manufacturing plants, and availability of compressed air is crucial to a wide variety of operations.
This digital report will explore several aspects of how IIoT will transform manufacturing in the coming years.
Maintenance Manager; California Oils Corp.
Associate, Electrical Engineering; Wood Harbinger
Control Systems Engineer; Robert Bosch Corp.
This course focuses on climate analysis, appropriateness of cooling system selection, and combining cooling systems.
This course will help identify and reveal electrical hazards and identify the solutions to implementing and maintaining a safe work environment.
This course explains how maintaining power and communication systems through emergency power-generation systems is critical.
click me