U.S. safety codes: How we got here

An overview of the safety standards and organizations that have been formed since 1970


Courtesy: Hasbro, CFE MediaIn 1970, Congress passed the Occupational Health and Safety Act, encouraging employers and employees to reduce incidents of occupational safety and health hazards at their places of employment. Subsequently, a governmental body called OSHA was established by Congress to serve as a watchdog and enforcer of all workplace-related regulations. OSHA CFR 29 Part 1910 is the overarching standard stating that the "employer must provide a safe workplace," while subpart O contains general requirements for machine safety.

The OSHA standards assume the use of Industry Consensus Standards (ICS) like ANSI B11.0: Safety of Machinery: General Requirements and Risk Assessment and ANSI/NFPA 79: Electrical Standards for Industrial Machinery.

Outside the U.S., safety standards for machinery are governed by the IEC, which develops standards for electrical, electronic, and related technologies, and the International Standards Organization (ISO), which covers other technical fields. As of 2013, machine builders must use EN ISO 13849-1:2008 – Safety-related parts of control systems to prove presumption of conformity with the European Machinery Directive (2006/42/EC). Additionally, the IEC 62061 and IEC 61508 standards deal with functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic, and programmable electronic control systems. IEC 62061 deals with the development of machine-specific control systems, while ISO 13849 and IEC 61508 detail the development of general purpose safety systems. 

No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2015 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
Safety for 18 years, warehouse maintenance tips, Ethernet and the IIoT, GAMS 2016 recap
2016 Engineering Leaders Under 40; Future vision: Where is manufacturing headed?; Electrical distribution, redefined
Strategic outsourcing delivers efficiency; Sleeve bearing clearance; Causes of water hammer; Improve air quality; Maintenance safety; GAMS preview
SCADA at the junction, Managing risk through maintenance, Moving at the speed of data
Safety at every angle, Big Data's impact on operations, bridging the skills gap
The digital oilfield: Utilizing Big Data can yield big savings; Virtualization a real solution; Tracking SIS performance
Applying network redundancy; Overcoming loop tuning challenges; PID control and networks
Driving motor efficiency; Preventing arc flash in mission critical facilities; Integrating alternative power and existing electrical systems
Package boilers; Natural gas infrared heating; Thermal treasure; Standby generation; Natural gas supports green efforts

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
This article collection contains several articles on the vital role of plant safety and offers advice on best practices.
This article collection contains several articles on the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and how it is transforming manufacturing.
This article collection contains several articles on strategic maintenance and understanding all the parts of your plant.
click me