Some fluorescents given 2-year reprieve
The Dept. of Energy has post-poned the "phase-out" date to July 14, 2014, for three T-8 general-service fluorescent lamps (GSFLs) after exception requests were filed by three companies.
Responding to three individually filed exception requests, the U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) has postponed by two years – to July 14, 2014 – the “phase-out” date for 700-series T-8 general-service fluorescent lamps (GSFLs) manufactured by GE Lighting (GE); OSRAM SYLVANIA, Inc. (OSI); and Philips Lighting Company (Philips). Only companies that have been excepted by DOE may continue to manufacture or import the T-8 GSFLs in question beyond July 14, 2012. The lamps involved are the 4-foot medium bi-pin, 2-foot U-shaped, 8-foot Slimline, and 8-foot high-output 700-series T-8s.
DOE’s Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) granted the extensions to GE, OSI, and Philips, all three of which are National Lighting Bureau sponsors. The basis for the exceptions was the growing scarcity and escalating cost of the rare-earth oxides used to manufacture the phosphors intrinsic to the proper functioning of fluorescent lamps. The severe supply/cost difficulties have been caused by manufacturing and export regulations subsequently instituted by China. According to the DOE OHA ruling, “China now controls approximately 97% of the world-wide supply of rare earth elements and rare earth oxides, and has adopted policies that have drastically reduced the volumes of rare earth elements and oxides that can be exported to U.S. lighting manufacturers.”
The impact of China’s rare-earth market manipulations is underscored by a National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) report that world prices for terbium increased at an annual rate of more than 400% in 2011; for europium oxides, the 2011 escalation rate exceeded 500%.
According to National Lighting Bureau Chair Howard P. Lewis (Lighting Alternatives, Inc.), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America’s (IES’) representative on the Bureau board of directors, had the 700-series T-8 phase-out been allowed to take effect on July 14, 2012, 800-series T-8s would have been among the most logical alternatives. The cost of 800-series T-8s exceeds that of 700-series T-8s because the rare-earth content of 800-series T-8s significantly exceeds that of 700-series T-8s. Mr. Lewis observed that, “This ruling enhances affordability at a time when it’s needed. We applaud DOE for its good judgment, and GE, OSI, and Philips for seeking the exceptions.”
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Annual Salary Survey
Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.
There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.
But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.
Read more: 2015 Salary Survey