Security—the latest, high-tech 'layered look'

Tight physical- and cyber-security together with safety are not inimical to flexible and effective process-controls. The "layered look" of clothing appropriate to wintry, northern climes is a good metaphor, because one can add or subtract layers as the temperature (risk) changes. Control Engineering recently visited Honeywell Inc.

04/01/2006


Process Control and Advanced Control

As energy costs rise inexorably over time, investments in energy efficiency have play a major role in global competitiveness. Some pundits don't see prices of U.S. automotive gasoline dropping below $2/gal again. It may well be a bellwether for energy pricing in general.

Geismar, LA —Tight physical- and cyber-security together with safety are not inimical to flexible and effective process-controls. The "layered look" of clothing appropriate to wintry, northern climes is a good metaphor, because one can add or subtract layers as the temperature (risk) changes. Control Engineering recently visited Honeywell Inc.'s Geismar chemical plant, which provided an in-depth review of one high-tech layered look: a state-of-the-art integration of security and process safety that is the fruit of Honeywell's $100 million annual R&D spending.

 

Geismar is one of Honeywell Specialty Materials' most important plants. It is the largest U.S. manufacturer of hydrofluoric acid and a principal producer of key, non-ozone-depleting refrigerants and Aclon resin (a clear vapor barrier for pills and capsules). Specialty Materials has made significant investment in plant capacity additions in recent years.

 

The Geismar plant recently hosted members of the U.S. Congress and Department of Homeland Security to showcase what can be done for chemical plant security. It may even set the standard for federal plant security regulations that may be promulgated before year-end 2006.

 

With an active "footprint" of 240 acres, the Geismar plant includes a dock that can accommodate ships with up to a 25,000-ton capacity. It allows the crushed fluorite (CaF 2 ) feedstock to be imported from around the world.

 

At the outset, Honeywell recognized two fundamental challenges:

 

  • Isolating its facilities from its lessee neighbors' plants; and

  • Integrating the security, safety, and process functions without losing functionality.

 

The company's approach to protecting the facility employs a comprehensive defense strategy that seamlessly integrates the physical, electronic, and cyber layers of security with building automation, security, and process control systems for real-time information sharing. Integration is the most effective and efficient way to address safety and security that enables faster, better incident (safety or security) responses, such as pre-emptive shutdown/safe-mode and the mustering of personnel in safe areas.

 

The $3.5-million, 16-month undertaking was completed in January 2005, and included Honeywell's investment of over $2.5 million and a $1.02-million Department of Homeland Security grant, (which added to project completion time requirements).

 

The combined efforts of Honeywell's aerospace, automation, and specialty materials groups took a pragmatic approach, using the latest technology, such as hand geometry biometrics, since workers' hands might be grimy, negating the effectiveness of fingerprint-based technology.

 

An example of the amalgamation of "rocket science" and pragmatism was the marriage of Honeywell's ballistic missile-tracking expertise with commercially available radar to provide continuous, automated threat-monitoring capability for all traffic approaching and passing by on the Mississippi River. It has user-defined rules that can adapt to time-of-day and day-of-the-week factors.

 

The security system has the same heritage as Honeywell's process control software. "Hooks" embedded in the two software elements, for example, allow much tighter integration between them. The security system also can be integrated with non-Honeywell products.

 

While, the majority of U.S. chemical plants are taking a wait-and-see attitude pending federal regulations on the topic, which may be promulgated later this year, Geismar is now the template for Honeywell's upgrade of its Tier-I and -II chemical plants' security/control systems. Honeywell also has sold several systems to Middle Eastern and U.S. petroleum and chemical companies.

 

Stay tuned, the company is outfitting the plant as its showcase for all the latest in automation technology. The kleig lights are expected to illuminate in early 2007.

 

 

 



No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2013 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Leaders Under 40 program features outstanding young people who are making a difference in manufacturing. View the 2013 Leaders here.
The new control room: It's got all the bells and whistles - and alarms, too; Remote maintenance; Specifying VFDs
2014 forecast issue: To serve and to manufacture - Veterans will bring skill and discipline to the plant floor if we can find a way to get them there.
2013 Top Plant: Lincoln Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio
Case Study Database

Case Study Database

Get more exposure for your case study by uploading it to the Plant Engineering case study database, where end-users can identify relevant solutions and explore what the experts are doing to effectively implement a variety of technology and productivity related projects.

These case studies provide examples of how knowledgeable solution providers have used technology, processes and people to create effective and successful implementations in real-world situations. Case studies can be completed by filling out a simple online form where you can outline the project title, abstract, and full story in 1500 words or less; upload photos, videos and a logo.

Click here to visit the Case Study Database and upload your case study.

Bring focus to PLC programming: 5 things to avoid in putting your system together; Managing the DCS upgrade; PLM upgrade: a step-by-step approach
Balancing the bagging triangle; PID tuning improves process efficiency; Standardizing control room HMIs
Commissioning electrical systems in mission critical facilities; Anticipating the Smart Grid; Mitigating arc flash hazards in medium-voltage switchgear; Comparing generator sizing software

Annual Salary Survey

Participate in the 2013 Salary Survey

In a year when manufacturing continued to lead the economic rebound, it makes sense that plant manager bonuses rebounded. Plant Engineering’s annual Salary Survey shows both wages and bonuses rose in 2012 after a retreat the year before.

Average salary across all job titles for plant floor management rose 3.5% to $95,446, and bonus compensation jumped to $15,162, a 4.2% increase from the 2010 level and double the 2011 total, which showed a sharp drop in bonus.

2012 Salary Survey Analysis

2012 Salary Survey Results

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.