Machine Safety: Robotics Industries Association is revising safety standard

Those drafting the ANSI RIA R15.06/CSA Z434 standard are looking at functional safety requirements.

06/04/2012


The Robotic Industries Association (RIA) consensus standard for robots (RIA 15.06) is undergoing revision and will require greater knowledge and competence relating to safety systems design and specifically functional safety. Many people know of the functional safety standard ISO 13849-1: 2006, which is now valid for the presumption of conformity to the Machinery Directive in Europe. Machine safety domestic standards are offered by RIA, the R15.06 Safety Standard Sub-Committee, and at the National Robot Safety Conference (Sept. 24-26 in Indianapolis, Ind.).

The draft RIA R15.06 includes ISO 10218-1, ISO 10218-2, plus U.S. and Canadian additions. These additions include explanations of sections in the ISO text as well as additional requirements addressed to the users of robot systems, robot cells, and robot lines. The user requirements are needed because ISO machine safety standards are written to the suppliers, not users, of equipment.

The current RIA 15.06 – 1999, clause 4 will be replaced by what is ISO 10218-1 (robot-only requirements). ISO 10218-1 covers the design and manufacture of the robot itself (not the end-effectors).

Both RIA R15.06 – 1999 and the draft RIA R15.06 comprehensively cover the robot, system, integration, and user requirements in one standard. The draft ANSI RIA R15.06 breaks these into two parts, where part 1 is specifically directed to the robot manufacturer and part 2 covers the integration and use of these robots. 

The draft ANSI RIA R15.06 and the draft CSA Z434 will include both U.S. and Canadian comments and requirements, so that the one document will provide the ISO, Canadian (CSA Z434), and U.S. (ANSI RIA R15.06) robot/integration/use requirements.

Other countries have accepted and use ISO standards. The ISO standard, as noted in the Control Engineering Machine Safety blog, requires compliance to the new quantitative approach to hazard identification, engineering, and mitigation including performance levels. This approach is required and mandatory as specified by the Machinery Directive in Europe effective Jan. 1, 2012. 

Those involved with the draft ANSI RIA R15.06 /CSA Z434 standard are still determining what to require as far as functional safety goes. It is possible that the standard might require compliance with ISO 13849-1: 2006, and it is also possible that the standard might require compliance with functional safety but an abbreviated version of ISO 13849-1. The committees are still grappling with the issue and determining what is best for improving safety and increasing safety competence while being reasonably achievable.

We are on the path toward a truly global standard for robots, robot systems, and their integration. As usual, each country has its own workplace safety requirements, so only Canada and the U.S. have achieved harmonization for the user requirements.

- Roberta Nelson Shea, Applied Manufacturing Technologies, and Jeff Fryman, RIA, offered this additional information in response to the March 2012, page 12 Machine Safety column, “Robotic safety, control panel safety,” by J.B. Titus, based on his Feb. 7 blog post, “Machine Safety: ISO 13849-1 Compliance Is Mandatory For Robot Applications, ANSI/RIA/ISO 10218-1&2: 2011.”



No comments
The Top Plant program honors outstanding manufacturing facilities in North America. View the 2015 Top Plant.
The Product of the Year program recognizes products newly released in the manufacturing industries.
The Engineering Leaders Under 40 program identifies and gives recognition to young engineers who...
Your leaks start here: Take a disciplined approach with your hydraulic system; U.S. presence at Hannover Messe a rousing success
Hannover Messe 2016: Taking hold of the future - Partner Country status spotlights U.S. manufacturing; Honoring manufacturing excellence: The 2015 Product of the Year Winners
Inside IIoT: How technology, strategy can improve your operation; Dry media or web scrubber?; Six steps to design a PM program
Getting to the bottom of subsea repairs: Older pipelines need more attention, and operators need a repair strategy; OTC preview; Offshore production difficult - and crucial
Digital oilfields: Integrated HMI/SCADA systems enable smarter data acquisition; Real-world impact of simulation; Electric actuator technology prospers in production fields
Special report: U.S. natural gas; LNG transport technologies evolve to meet market demand; Understanding new methane regulations; Predictive maintenance for gas pipeline compressors
Warehouse winter comfort: The HTHV solution; Cooling with natural gas; Plastics industry booming
Managing automation upgrades, retrofits; Making technical, business sense; Ensuring network cyber security
Designing generator systems; Using online commissioning tools; Selective coordination best practices

Annual Salary Survey

Before the calendar turned, 2016 already had the makings of a pivotal year for manufacturing, and for the world.

There were the big events for the year, including the United States as Partner Country at Hannover Messe in April and the 2016 International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago in September. There's also the matter of the U.S. presidential elections in November, which promise to shape policy in manufacturing for years to come.

But the year started with global economic turmoil, as a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing triggered a worldwide stock hiccup that sent values plummeting. The continued plunge in world oil prices has resulted in a slowdown in exploration and, by extension, the manufacture of exploration equipment.

Read more: 2015 Salary Survey

Maintenance and reliability tips and best practices from the maintenance and reliability coaches at Allied Reliability Group.
The One Voice for Manufacturing blog reports on federal public policy issues impacting the manufacturing sector. One Voice is a joint effort by the National Tooling and Machining...
The Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals an organization devoted...
Join this ongoing discussion of machine guarding topics, including solutions assessments, regulatory compliance, gap analysis...
IMS Research, recently acquired by IHS Inc., is a leading independent supplier of market research and consultancy to the global electronics industry.
Maintenance is not optional in manufacturing. It’s a profit center, driving productivity and uptime while reducing overall repair costs.
The Lachance on CMMS blog is about current maintenance topics. Blogger Paul Lachance is president and chief technology officer for Smartware Group.
This article collection contains several articles on the vital role that compressed air plays in manufacturing plants.
This article collection contains several articles on the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and how it is transforming manufacturing.
This article collection contains several articles on strategic maintenance and understanding all the parts of your plant.
click me