Of the total cost of ownership of an electric motor in an industrial or commercial application, approximately 2% is the amount paid to purchase the motor. The remaining 98% is the cost of powering the motor over its lifetime.
As the electrical work environment becomes more hazardous, the need for arc flash, electrical transient, and electrical shock protection increases. Standards are cited and advice follows for ways to lower risk.
Willy Sansen is an engineering educator known for research, education and industry contributions related to analog integrated circuit design. IEEE honored Sansen with the 2011 Donald O. Pederson Award in Solid-State Circuits.
A steam trap has two major functions, to remove condensate as quickly as it forms, and to prevent steam discharge. There are certain installation faults, which negatively affect the ability for traps to perform these functions...